Depression and stress associated with severe gum disease

Lewis Center, OH Dentist

A new study suggests that psycho-social factors, such as depression, stress, emotional vulnerability and Type A personality are associated with more severe periodontal injuries.

This, its authors suggest, indicates the need for psychological evaluation and support for patients presenting with aggressive or chronic periodontitis (gum disease).

Previous studies suggesting a link between periodontitis and psychosocial factors presented very mixed results, making it difficult to identify the interaction between specific psychological characteristics and severe gum disease.

Lead author Dr Sébastien Jungo, DDS, Department of Periodontology at Paris Descartes University, said: ‘Our aim was to explore the association between clinical variables in patients suffering from aggressive (AP) or chronic periodontitis (CP) and some psychological traits, especially depression, stress, Type A Behaviour Pattern (TABP) and Locus of Control (LOC). We hoped to identify patients at risk for more severe periodontal disease.’

The study included 79 patients with periodontitis who attended the Periodontology Clinic of the Descartes University Hospital in Paris, France. ‘Our patients completed some short questionnaires to help us determine certain psychological traits. They also underwent periodontal examinations where we measured probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL),’ explained Dr Jungo.

Commenting on the results, Dr Jungo said: ‘After controlling for age, tobacco consumption and the form of periodontitis, we found that a clinical attachment loss of over 5mm was associated with “emotional vulnerability” for all patients, and with stress and Type A personality in patients presenting aggressive periodontitis.’

Regarding the possible causes for the association between severe periodontal injuries and psychological traits, Dr Jungo said that more research was needed: ‘This is a small study but it is representative of what periodontists see in their clinics. In the future there is a need for wider interventional studies, as well as research into inflammatory markers in addition to psychological assessment.

‘At this stage we can say that the psychological evaluation of patients presenting with particularly aggressive periodontal disease is important. For patients presenting Type A personality, depression, perceived stress or emotional vulnerability, the oral healthcare team should recommend psychosocial support,’ concluded Dr Jungo.

The original article can be found here.   https://www.dental-nursing.co.uk/news/depression-and-gum-disease?fbclid=IwAR2nBb3sGVqA8XFsSnEgxWukYafs19K_dPhAisiSAo1H_BqqWNKLu2ge1HE

This article was shared for educational and informative purposes.  No copyright infringement was intended with the sharing of this article.

Exceptional Care

The Dugas Dental team is the best! I appreciate all the smiles when we come to the office. The care that we receive is exceptional! I always recommend Dugas Dental to anyone looking for a dentist. I know this great team will take great care of them!

TIA E.

American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry Amercian Academy of Cosmetic Orthodontics Academy of General Dentistry American Dental Association Academy of Laser Dentistry Invisalign Ohio Dental Association

Visit Our Lewis Center Dental Office

Dugas Dental | 27 Neverland Dr, Lewis Center, OH 43035 | (740) 548-0575

Schedule an Appointment

Read Our Lewis Center Dental News

Lewis Center, OH Dentist

Lewis Center Dentist | The Benefits of Adult Dental Sealants

February 20th 2020

Although dental sealants are often associated with pediatric dentistry, they can be a beneficial option for adults as well. A dental sealant is a protective, plastic film that helps prevent tooth decay.   Even with at home oral health care,...